by Jonathan L.
Lord of the Flies by William Golding written in 1954, during World War Two, is an allegorical fictional novel that tells the story of a group of boys stranded on an island from a shot down plane fleeing a nuclear war. Deeper in the story not only explains the hardships of the children but it shows how people without the societal pressure of what’s acceptable in public brings out the true savagery of their soul. Golding believes that underneath a person’s body is a vat of hatred, selfishness, and brutality, bubbling to come out when it is convenient. He connects the hidden savagery to the boys’ actions of how everyone is split into different categories, ranging from the helpless to the mighty which is a close relation to the present world we live in. Lastly, Golding uses the character, Simon, to represent the wise because he is the only child who understands how the only beast there on the island is the “beast” within the boys, which manifests through their savage behavior.
After the plane crash, all the boys are spread out around the huge island and separate from each other. Ralph finds a fat boy, Piggy, and together they find a conch that Raph blows in to gather all the survivors of the children. Golding uses the 3rd person point of view to express all of the boy’s experience which really brought the story to life because he makes the characters extremely relatable and realistic. After all of the boys are gathered, they vote Ralph to be a leader which became the spark leading to a huge rebellion. Jack was jealous and humiliated so to make things even, Ralph let his choir members be called the “hunters”. Because there is nothing to do except survive on the island, Ralph and his natural leadership skills decide to use logic and organize everything. Soon, he and Jack become enemies from Jack’s thirst for action and dominance.
Jack is the main antagonist in the story and Golding uses him to express how people are can be insanely savage when no one is judging them. The boys would never kill one and another if they were surrounded by normal people in a normal society, but because there are no adults on the island, their true desires take over and they do whatever they want. The savage acts throughout the book establish a standard for all of the boys, which most follow. Before the boys became insane, the littluns were treated as servants, older boys as civilians, Piggy as an advisor, Jack as a co-leader, and Ralph as the leader of all of the boys.At the climax of the story, every boy on the island, including Ralph, has become savage. Simon is the only exception. He is used to represent a holy figure of peace, wisdom and sacrifice.
All the boys believed that there was a beast on the island from a ghost to a snake but Simon doesn’t encourage any of these guesses. Instead, he climbs the mountain, where the beast was last “seen.” Simon is the only one left trying to use logic to solve their problems. The other boys’ negligence of logic leads them to a world of fear, dominance, selfishness, and brutality.
Golding’s point of view of humans on this planet truly explains the deep roots of who we actually are. His use of the boar’s severed head was clear to the readers that it represented the true savageness and destruction inside everyone’s body. He also substitutes the island as “the perfect world” to encourage this savageness, because there are no rules and restrictions of what to do. This extreme freedom enhances the message because it shows how humans without limitations become inhumane. It is as if the public and their thoughts create an illusion around everybody, transforming their insanity into what everyone believes is normal for the world. His style of incorporating deep themes into a story of survival is amazing because the reader can easily understand what he is trying to say without getting confused with the plot. The reader also can follow along without having to reread because of the steady pace of the story. Its mysteries and cliff-hangers leave readers at the tip of their seat.
Overall, it is an amazing book it lacks a hint of humor. The youngest recommended reading age of this book is at ten or eleven years old, but Golding offers a wider range of deeper themes that can be explored by teenagers and young adults alike. Some students would still enjoy a little bit of humor, though, and at times it is too dramatic. That is the only thing that would make the story better because of the intense situation throughout the whole story.
Lord of the Flies is ultimately a book deserving to win many awards. Its story truly explains Golding’s feelings towards mankind and their deeper meanings explains what our world is like to theirs in a passionate and strong way. From this book, readers understand three important theme Golding wants to get through: One, savageness and brutality is in everyone no matter who you are. Two, everyone gets judged everywhere from the public to an island. Three, our beliefs of superstitious events and actions from dances to taboo. William Golding’s book would be a great match for twelve-year-olds but it would also appease ten and eleven-year-olds depending on their reading skill. In the end, Lord of the Flies is a spectacular book, recommended to all schools for the thrilling story and beautiful themes.